Wendy posting 2

While medicinal remedies and the actual practice of medicine was not invented by Muslims, they did have a hand in many significant advancements of the science. Muslims established Arabic as a universal language and encouraged all to actively study the sciences (Bowles & Kaplan, 2012). The House of Wisdom was founded to serves as a research hub for all as scholars from across the empire sough to collectively translate foreign works which allowed Muslim scientists to expand upon previous research (Bowles & Kaplan, 2012).

The text explains how the translations that were underway at the House of Wisdom gave Islamic scientists an understanding of Greek and Roman medicine as well as Indian and Chinese medicine (Bowles & Kaplan, 2012). Muslims are also credited with the implementing a strong focus and an insistent implementation of medical ethics; this is a connection to the Greek physician Hippocrates’ moral focus on during his practice of medicine. Islamic sciences tended to center around the social needs of the empire. As the Muslim empire began and continued to grow, the increase in population produced health issues.

Medicine in the Middle Ages was heavily influenced by the Christian church. Traditionally clergy men were in charge of diagnosing and providing medical care. Eventually laws were passed to place limits on those who could perform medical practices as surgery and dissection were also introduced.

With the foundational studies of medicine by the Renaissance clergy (or scientists) the Islamic scientists were able to build upon that foundation and take their findings further.

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